罚款5000以上20000以下， 并将不良信息纳入个人征信系统。 Xi'an will officially implement the mandatory classification of garbage starting on September 1. If an entity or individual arbitrarily puts out domestic garbage in violation of regulations, the individual will be fined from 100 to 200 and the unit will be fined from 5,000 to 20,000. The bad information will be included in the personal credit information system.
都 是有好处的。 Environmental protection is always a good thing. Just like the car in the past, everyone may be a little accustomed to it at first, but really getting used to it is good for yourself and future generations .
What you care about
It's all here!
1. Why do you want to sort garbage?
The principles of garbage disposal are reduction, resource utilization and harmlessness. The harmless treatment methods of urban garbage in China mainly include landfill, incineration and composting. Waste mixing cannot be classified, and it is difficult to improve the level of resource utilization. At the same time, pollution control will be more difficult.
Take landfill as an example. Firstly, it occupies a large amount of land resources, and secondly, it may also produce sewage, foul odor, etc., and it is not conducive to the recycling of renewable resources. Studies have shown that the innocuous treatment of urban garbage nationwide is gradually shifting to a technology pattern based on incineration and landfill supplementation.
西安目前的垃圾怎么处理？ 2. How to deal with the current garbage in Xi'an?
At present, there are 7 landfill sites in Xi'an. Among them, Jiangcungou Landfill Site is the only end-of-life disposal facility in the main urban area and the only large-scale end-of-life disposal facility in the city. About 10,000 tons, it is expected to fill up in October this year.
The remaining 6 small-scale landfill sites are located in Huiyi District, Gaoling District, Lantian County, Zhouzhi County, Lintong District, and Yanliang District, and a total of about 3,000 tons of domestic waste are processed daily. By October of this year, the storage capacity of the landfill sites in Huiyi District and Gaoling District will also be exhausted. It is estimated that there will be no place for daily average 1,600 tons of domestic waste (1,250 tons in Huiyi District, 350 tons in Gaoling District); Kurong will be less than 100,000 cubic meters.
西安的垃圾怎么分类？ 3. How to sort garbage in Xi'an?
The "four-point method" of recyclables, kitchen waste, hazardous waste, and other garbage is implemented.
● Recyclables (blue buckets): ⎝⎛金鲨银鲨⎞⎠papers, books, magazines, beverages, milk and other paper packaging, glass containers, cans, old clothes, electronic waste, etc.
● Kitchen waste (green bucket): organic perishable household waste, solid food, eggshell, melon peel core, tea residue, biscuits, chocolate, canned food and other expired food, waste vegetable leaves, fruits, fish and shrimp.
● Hazardous garbage (red bucket): It is harmful to the body and the environment, such as waste lamps, mercury thermometers, expired medicines, paints, cosmetics, etc., which need to be handled safely by special methods.
● Other garbage (gray bucket): plastic wrap, plastic bags, paper towels, disposable diapers, big sticks, cigarette butts, etc.
It is important to note that the dry batteries No.1, No.5 and No.7 currently produced are low-mercury or no-mercury batteries, so they are not classified as hazardous waste and should be put into "other waste". However, button batteries, lithium batteries for electronic products, lead-acid batteries such as electric vehicle batteries, and nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries still need to be recycled as "harmful garbage." In addition, residential areas, units, and schools will be classified according to the "quaternary method" (can also be set by themselves in accordance with the implementation of the treatment), and public places will still be classified according to "recyclable" and "non-recyclable".
垃圾分类之后去了哪儿？ 4. Where did I go after garbage sorting?
For recyclables, recycling is used; for kitchen waste, there is a special kitchen waste treatment plant that uses biochemical disposal and other methods; for hazardous waste, which enters hazardous waste treatment plants, it is harmless; for other garbage, Treatment by incineration power generation and landfill.
At present, Xi'an has a total of five domestic waste innocuous incineration plants in Lantian County, Gaoling District, Huiyi District, Xixian New District, and Qiaoqiao District, all of which are under construction. By the end of October this year, four will be put into use, with a daily processing capacity of 9,750 tons. When all are completed, the daily processing capacity will reach 12,750 tons.
建垃圾焚烧厂，污染影响有多大？ 5. How big is the impact of the pollution incineration plant?
Regarding waste incineration, the biggest worry is that the discharge of harmful substances such as dioxins exceeds the standard due to improper disposal. However, dioxin pollution should not be exaggerated. At present, China's evaluation standards for the effect of waste treatment are becoming more stringent, and related laws are becoming more and more perfect. Therefore, in the future, dioxin emissions from waste incineration plants will further decline, and emissions must be met to meet standards.